Baby Copperhead Snake Facts
A baby copperhead snake is mostly common to North America. They are also among the most likely to bite snake species. They are poisonous but their bites have rarely been fatal. The name comes from the copper color of their heads. A baby copperhead snake is a pit viper, like water moccasins or rattlesnakes. A pit viper has heat-sensing pits between their eyes and their nostrils. They use these pits to detect temperature variations so they can be more accurate when striking. They lash out at the heat, which is usually their potential prey.
Grown copperheads have thick, muscular bodies with ridged scales. The head is large and triangular in shape. They have very distinct necks and large vertical pupils like a cat. The young baby copperhead snake is a bit more grayish in color compared to the adults. They have yellow tails that are used as bait for their prey by flicking them back and forth. The coloring will begin to fade as the young copperheads mature. Their habitat stretches as far to the South as Florida’s Panhandle, and as far North as the state of Massachusetts, and West as far as Nebraska. They have 5 subspecies that are distributed around according to their geographic ranges. The Northern copperhead has the largest range by far, reaching from Alabama to Massachusetts and as far as Illinois.
More Baby Copperhead Snake Facts
Copperheads seem to be happy in a broad range of environments. They thrive in wooded areas, thickets next to streams, mountains, canyons, and desert oasis type landscapes. They tend to be drawn to abandoned farm buildings, old construction sites, junkyards, and sawdust piles. They are semi-social choosing to hunt alone. However, when it comes time to hibernate they will share their communal dens with other copperheads and even other snake species like rattlesnakes and rat snakes. They usually return to the same exact den every year. Many times they can be spotted just outside their dens, basking in the sun, eating, drinking, and courting. They like being up and about during the day and love coming out on humid days after a rainy night. They mostly stay on the ground, but will sometimes climb up into a low bush or tree to look for prey or soak in the sun. They even take a little swim now and then.
Wikipedia has more information about baby copperhead snake.
A baby copperhead snake will grow up learning to eat mice and various other small rodents. They play a crucial role in regulating the rodent population. They will also prey on small birds, smaller snakes, amphibians, lizards, and insects (cicadas). They utilize those heat-sensing pits to help locate their prey. When they hunt larger prey, they will simply bite them and let them go. They let the venom do all the work. Then they simply track their victims down. For smaller prey they will often just hang on until it dies. They can eat their prey whole by using the flexibility in their hinged jaws. A copperhead will average eating only about 10 to 12 meals every year, depending on the size of the kill. Their mating season runs from February to May, then again from late August to October. The males fight each other for the females. The females like to fight as well, and will often reject a male that backs down from a fight with them. A baby copperhead snake will give no warning before a strike. They strike almost immediately upon feeling threatened. They have been credited with biting the most people in the U.S., but their venom is not all that potent. It is children and old people who have compromised immune systems that have the most to fear.